Tanzania before you travel pdf

A country with epic topography, Tanzania is home to the largest wildlife herds on the African continent, 14 national parks and numerous game reserves – as well as the palm-fringed island of Zanzibar, ideal for postsafari relaxation. From the snow-capped summit of Mount Kilimanjaro, to the game-rich Ngorongoro Crater, the untouched Tarangire and the vast Serengeti – Tanzania is a wilderness and wildlife extravaganza. In pleasant contrast to Tanzania’s warm and hospitable people who take pride in their varying colourful cultures, the country remains unassuming and low key.

This overriding sense of peace among the 100 ethnic groups that cohabit here is one reason to explain its booming tourist industry – ideal for African first timers, along with old hands.


Republic of Tanzania

Area 945,203 sq. km (364,898 sq. mi.)

Capital city Dodoma

People More than 100 ethnic groups

Languages Swahili and English

Religion Christianity, Islam and others

Government Federal Republic



• Front row seats to the Wildebeest Migration across the majestic Serengeti plains, October – July

• Experience world-class private camping with your own staff and luxury tent in hand-picked areas

• Descend into the Ngorongoro Crater for a day of game viewing and the opportunity to see the “Big Five”

• Climb Mount Kilimanjaro – the highest peak in Africa

• Finish your safari adventure at one of our Saadani lodges on the Eastern coast

• Saadani National Park is the only park in East Africa where guests can enjoy the beach, bush and river


National Parks and Principal Sights

Tanzania hosts some of the greatest wildlife experiences on Earth. Highlights include Mahale and Gombe Stream, famous for chimpanzees; Lake Tanganyika, the world’s longest freshwater lake; Africa’s largest game reserve, the Selous, which dwarfs many an entire country and is home to staggering numbers of elephant and buffalo; and iconic Mount Kilimanjaro, the tallest mountain in Africa, yet one which can be climbed by non-mountaineers.

Serengeti National Park

The name Serengeti comes from the Maasai language meaning “endless plains”. The park itself covers 14,763 square kilometres, making it one of the world’s largest wildlife sanctuaries. The Serengeti is famous for hosting one of the world’s last great land migrations of mammals – the wildebeest migration. Every year 1.5 million wildebeest migrate from the Serengeti to the Masai Mara followed by hundreds of thousands of zebra, gazelle and other plains game in search of fresh grazing pastures.

In addition the park is noted for its lion and cheetah populations, as well as excellent leopard sightings. There are also frequent sightings of plains game including rarer species such as Klipspringer, as well as some incredible bird life with more than 500 species living in the park. The wildebeest migration is usually present in the area around Sanctuary Kusini from mid-December to the end of March. One of the highlights is the calving season which sees the arrival of newborn zebra and wildebeest calves. The short grass plains around Sanctuary Kusini provide the perfect setting for the wildebeest during the birthing of their young.

Tarangire National Park

This northern park, one of the most exciting and least visited in Tanzania, takes its name from the Tarangire River that crosses through the park. Tarangire is overlooked by a dramatic escarpment which guests ascend to visit the Ngorongoro Crater. High concentrations of game – particularly elephant – congregate under the baobab trees for which the area is famed.

It is a haven for birders with over 550 species recorded.

Tarangire lies in the heart of Maasai country and makes a fabulous introduction to Tanzania’s diverse peoples, landscapes and wildlife. During the months of June to October, a small migration of wildebeest and zebra takes place in the park and moves out towards the northeast by January. The elephant herds move out of the park towards the Maasai Steppes in the east and return again towards the end of June. The migration is dictated by the rains as the Tarangire River is the life source of water during the dry season.

Saadani National Park

Saadani National Park is one of the only remaining protected coastal areas in Africa. The park covers 1100 square kilometres and is the only wildlife sanctuary in Tanzania which borders the ocean.

Surrounding the national park are many villages which make their living through farming or fishing depending on their location. The park is home to a huge variety of wildlife from large cats to lazy hippos and crocodiles.

Both marine and mainland flora can be found within the national park alongside a wealth of wildlife of about 30 species of larger mammals as well as many reptiles and birds. The ocean nearby is also home to many species of fish, dolphins and humpback whale. The wildlife activity varies with the seasons. Between December and March there is increasing activity around the waterholes because of the recent short rains. From June to September it is the coolest time of the year when it is best for spotting hippo and crocodile in the Wami River which flows through the park into the ocean.

Forest walks and game drives are full of wildlife activity at this time of year. Buffalo are predominantly visible in October and November and the migratory birds start to arrive. This is also when the flowers start to grow in the parched landscape after some light rains.

Ngorongoro Crater

The Ngorongoro Crater is part of the Ngorongoro Conservation Area – a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The crater is home to countless wildlife species – particularly wildebeest, zebra and gazelle during the rainy season, and the big five can be spotted year round: lion, leopard, rhino, elephant and buffalo. There are an estimated 25,000 animals within the crater.

We can arrange Private Camping experiences upon request in carefully selected locations in Tanzania including Ngorongoro Crater.


Map Tanzania


Tanzania Visa Information

This information serves as a guide only. Travellers should check visa requirements pertaining to their citizenship, as entry requirements can vary.

Before travelling to Tanzania please contact the Tanzanian Embassy in your country for the most up to date visa information.

To avoid delays at Tanzanian Immigration it is recommended to obtain your visa before arrival into the country.

Visas Required

Citizens of the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, South Africa, France, Germany and Italy require visas to enter Tanzania. If you are

originating from a country other than those mentioned above please contact your nearest Tanzania Embassy for visa information



Climate guide

While Tanzania does not have distinct seasonal changes due to its proximity to the Equator, there are some subtle climatic variations at  different times of the year. Tanzania has a tropical climate which is mainly characterised by warm days and cool evenings.

December to March are usually the warmest months of the year, while June to August are the coolest. April and May often see intermittent rains, and from September to November the days are warm with short scattered rains falling in November.

Weather Patterns Tanzania

Weather Patterns Tanzania



This is the most feared disease to most of the visitors, Aren’t you?. Make sure that before you travel you visit your doctor to get ant-malaria tablets. Also you can buy mosquito sprays. All the accommodation places now days have mosquito nets fixed to your beds and the rooms are sprayed with mosquito repellents too. And just for your information malaria transmitting mosquitos only bites at late nights so its likely that you won’t be exposed if all the precautions are taken care of.


The yellow-fever vaccination is no longer officially required when entering Tanzania, yet because the disease is endemic many doctors will recommend it as a precaution. Other vaccinations that might be considered before you travel include typhoid, hepatitis A and B, meningitis, and tetanus. For more information, contact your doctor.

Food and Water

While on trip in Tanzania make sure that you drink bottled water, there are many brands available at every retail shop/kiosk. Make sure that if you eat on streets the food is hot, avoid eating salads, juices on streets because its likely that they were not prepared in a hygienic way. Most standard and high end restaurants prepare their food at a required hygienic standards so you shouldn’t worry about eating anything there. But be advised that if you are not sure of what you ordered don’t eat it. Most places you will eat during your organised safari measures and research have been made by your trip organizer to make sure that the food meets the required standard for you to eat. Mainly each safaris organizer will make sure that both dietary requirements are taken care during your trip.